Mariana Valverde

When Mariana Valverde began to take an interest in sexual politics, in the early 1980s, sexuality studies was not a subject of academic study. Therefore, her first book, Sex, Power and Pleasure, was commissioned by the Toronto Women's Press as a trade book, not a scholarly book. Published in Toronto in 1985, this book was later translated into other languages, including a mass-market German edition by Fischer Verlag in the 1990s. Mariana's next book was a history of moral regulation movements in Canada that saw sexuality as part of the work of 'nation building,' Entitled The Age of Light, Ssoap and Water: Moral Reform in English Canada, 1880s-1920s. In the 1990, given the rapid proliferation of work on sexuality, Mariana decided to pursue a neglected area of moral regulation, namely, the field of alcohol -- from alcoholism and its medicalization to liquor control systems. She published a major original work in 1998 entitled Diseases of the Will: Alcohol and the Dilemmas of Freedom, receiving the Herbert Jacob award "for a major contribution to sociolegal scholarship" from the US Law and Society Association. Her next book pursued more theoretical interests in the sociology of law, using both drinking/alcohol and sexuality as the sites of investigation. Law's Dream of a Common Knowledge, published by Princeton University Press in 2003, contains two chapters on the invention of 'sexual orientation', as well as a close analysis of two Toronto sexuality trials, the Remington's gay strip bar case and another involving the madam of an s/m establishment. Mariana's current research is an investigation of the regulatory work carried out in the name of urban order by municipal officials and municipal legal bodies (tribunals and committees).In the meantime she continues to engage with sexuality studies. An example is a keynote lecture scheduled for June 29, 2006, at the Kent University Centre for Law and Sexuality, on the topic: "Local governance and queer citizenship: alternatives to gay gentrification". Mariana teaches in the undergraduate Criminology programme at Woodsworth College, University of Toronto, and has been a member of the steering committe of the Sexual Diversity Studies programme at University College since its inception.

Valverde, Mariana and Miomir Cirak. "Governing bodies, creating gay spaces: security in 'gay' downtown Toronto." The British Journal of Criminology. London: Winter 2003. Vol. 43(1): 102-121.
In contrast to criminological studies of gay-specific hate crimes, this study focuses not on crimes but on the governance of security in a major global centre of lesbian/gay community life, namely Toronto's gay village, with security defined as the attempt to guarantee order mainly by governing space and time. Based on interviews with community activists, business owners and police officers, as well as examinations of criminal justice data, gay and mainstream newspapers, and the files of the Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario, the authors document the complex layers of private (both formal and informal) policing that uneasily coexist with the actions of the public police and of regulatory officials such as municipal licensing officers. The research site consists of two kinds of spaces: the commercial spaces of bars and baths, which have their own unique systems for ensuring security for the patrons and for the premises, and the streets, particularly the legal space that is created through municipal and provincial permits during Pride Day celebrations. In general, the authors document a growing trend toward self-policing in both businesses and community events, and a commercialization of security services that extends to the public police, insofar as many public police work as 'paid duty officers' and act like security guards for the organization holding events. The implications of this study for theoretical work on governance relations, particularly on the governance of security, are developed throughout.